Introduction to Cloud Computing Technology
Cloud Computing Technology is a next-gen technology based on the internet and the network which provides service to the users in different ways. In Cloud Computing, the simple data resources are outsourced and these resources can be used temporarily, which makes it cost-effective because users can pay for what they use. In order to work on cloud applications, users need fast internet connections and standard web browsers. Cloud Computing Technology offers scalable access on-demand to the users instantly by sharing the resources to the user’s web page or IP address.
Top Cloud Computing Technologies
The Different Innovations of Cloud Computing Technology are listed below:
It is the method of sharing license keys to physical instances of application among totally different users of the enterprise. The main purpose of this technology is to supply a typical version of the cloud application to all or any shoppers. it’s popularly used for its flexibility and instant running method. Few Types of Virtualization are:
Hardware Virtualization: If the virtual machine is directly put in on hardware servers then it’s known as Hardware virtualization as a result it becomes very easy to manage a Virtual Machine than a physical server.
Operating System Virtualization: If the virtual machine is installed in a guest server rather than a hardware system, then it is called as Operating system Virtualization. It increased the testing scenario of various software on various OS platforms.
Server Virtualization: If a virtual machine is installed on a system, then it is called Server Virtualization. It is divided into different resources and will be utilized for load balancing on-demand basis.
Storage Virtualization: The process of collecting physical storage from different network storage devices is called Storage Virtualization. It is mainly used for back-up and recovery.
2. Service-Oriented Architecture
Service-Oriented Architecture is an application which divides the services into individual business functions and procedure daily. This component of cloud computing technology enables cloud-related arrangements that can be modified and adjusted based on the requests of the clients. Service-oriented Architecture scatters two major components, one is Quality as service and other as software as service. The function of Quality of service is to identify the function and behavior of a service from a different view. Software as a service provides a new delivery model of software which is inherited from the world of application service providers
3. Grid Computing
This is a method of connecting multiple servers from multiple providers to achieve a common goal. Grid computing turns huge problems into smaller ones and broadcasts to the servers and places them within the grid. It is mainly applied in e-commerce platforms and intended to share the resources on large scale cluster computing. A popular grid computing project is named as Folding@home. The grid computing project aims to find the protein folding, misfolding and related diseases. It involves utilizing the power of unused computers and solve complex scientific problems. This can be done through the cloud computing technology.
4. Utility Computing
This method relies on the pay-per-utilize model. It gives computational services on demand to the clients for a metered benefit. It mainly helps in cost-cutting by decreasing the initial investment. As the cloud computing requirements for a business changes, the billing cost also changes accordingly, without acquiring any additional cost. If the client usage has decreased, then billing cost also decreases accordingly.
Where we Use Cloud Computing Technology?
1. Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS)
Cloud Computing Technology offers virtual and physical computers. The actual machines are accessed by hypervisors that are grouped into pools of resources and are managed by operational supportive networks. Cloud Computing Technology introduces the operating framework pictures on actual machines and application programming. IaaS offers resources like firewalls, IP addresses, monitoring services, storages, bandwidth, virtual machines and so on, all of these resources are made available to the clients on cost on a time basis. Examples: Windows Azure, Google Compute Engine, Amazon EC2, Rackspace.
2. Platform as a Service (PaaS)
It is the part of the application development and deployment platform as an available service to programmers or developers. The programmers and developers can utilize the basement to build, deploy, test and handle Software as a Service applications effectively. The major attributes of Platform as a Service have point-and-snap equipment that empowers the devs to design web-based applications. Some examples are Google, Force.com, Apache, AWS elastic beanstalk and Windows Azure.
3. Software as a Service (SaaS)
It is the transmission of Applications to end-users by the web browsers. Cloud Computing Technology clients install it and they can enable them to run on the cloud computing platform. But it is not mandatory for this method as they need software support and reduced maintenance. Instead, they can use Software as a Service applications which are portable. The best example of a Saas is an Office Suite. Software as a Service provides us the Application Programming Interface (API), which allows the developers to build the desired application.
Benefits of Cloud Computing Technologies
The Advantages of cloud computing are:
High scalability: It requests the supply of resources on a large scale without any human involvement.
High availability and reliability: The servers are available at the right time without any major delays.
Agility: It divides the resources effectively among the clients and functions very quickly.
Multi-sharing: By distributed computing, different users from multiple areas share the same resources by fundamental infrastructure.
Maintenance: It is very user-friendly as they are easy to access from any place and doesn’t require any installation set up.
Low cost: It is very cost-effective.
Services as pay to use mode: Application Programming Interface(API) is given to the clients to use resources and services and pay on the basis of usage.
On-Demand Self Service: Cloud computing technology offers the required services and application to the client. With the login credentials, users can start to use the resources without any human interaction and cloud service providers. It includes storage and virtual machines.
Cloud Computing Technology has a unique feature as broad network access in which wide array of resources like storage and virtual machines can be accessed easily through your smartphones, laptops, and computers. Hence it can be accessed at any time and any where. The Resource Pooling allows multiple users to share a common pool of resources like database, applications and web pages and provides rapid elasticity to resources used by clients or recently assigned to clients is automatically monitored. It is very possible to scale the resource up and down at any time.